A brief history of CLAIRE
CLAIRE was publicly launched on 18 June 2018 with a vision document signed by 600 senior researchers and key stakeholders in artificial intelligence, and the website https://claire-ai.org/, inviting stakeholders in artificial intelligence across Europe (and beyond) to sign their support.
CLAIRE has since attracted major media coverage in many European countries and garnered broad support by more than 1000 AI experts (PhD-level expertise in AI or equivalent), more than one hundred fellows of various scientific AI associations, many editors of scientific AI journals, national AI societies, top AI institutes and key stakeholders in industry and other organisations. Moreover, 10 members of EU High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence (HLG-AI) are also CLAIRE supporters. The CLAIRE movement works closely with the HLG-AI, providing them with the input of the European AI communities through various mechanisms.
The initiative was prompted in part by a letter of intent, signed by 25 European countries on 10 April 2018, to increase their efforts on strengthening research, innovation and collaboration on AI, a subsequent Communication from the Commission on 25 April with a preliminary AI strategy; it was also inspired by an earlier call for establishing a European laboratory to promote excellence in machine learning, known as ELLIS.
CLAIRE was initiated by Holger Hoos, professor in Machine Learning at Universiteit Leiden (The Netherlands), Morten Irgens, Vice Rector at Oslo Metropolitan University (Norway), and Philipp Slusallek, Scientific Director at the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (Germany).
The work behind the CLAIRE movement is currently done primarily by the three initiators, on a voluntary basis, with support from their home institutions. Their work is driven by their passion for unifying the AI community behind a common vision that benefits the people of Europe. CLAIRE is not yet a formally structured organisation. It is a grass-roots, bottom-up movement. A more formal structure of CLAIRE is likely to be developed.
The launch of the CLAIRE headquarters in the Hague (Netherlands) was announced at the 2nd CLAIRE Symposium in Rome, on 26 February 2019, as well as the opening of 3 CLAIRE offices, located in Saarbrücken (Germany), Prague (Czech Republic) and Rome (Italy), with more offices planned to open soon in Oslo, Paris and Zürich. These offices work closely together and provide administrative and other support for the CLAIRE initiative.
In the initial months of CLAIRE’s existence, Informal Advisory Groups (IAGs) in various field were formed, to provide a conduit between CLAIRE and the communities within AI (in both directions).
Currently there are 9 IAGs, encompassing a total of 49 members. Each IAG focuses on a different topic, from Machine Learning, Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, Search and Optimisation, Planning, Multi-Agent Systems, Natural Language Processing to Robotics, Computer Vision and Ethics, Legal, Social Issues.
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