AI can create many benefits, such as clear and safer transport; cheaper and more sustainable energy; better healthcare; and more efficient manufacturing, but, if used incorrectly, will have major negative impacts on society as a whole. The EU wants to regulate AI to ensure better conditions for the development and use of this innovative technology, as part of its digital strategy,
In April 2021, the European Commission proposed the first EU regulatory framework for AI. It says that AI systems that can be used in different applications are analysed and classified according to the risk they pose to users. The different risk levels will mean more or less regulation. Once approved, these will be the world’s first rules on AI.
Although we do not have the final text of the Artificial Intelligence Act, on 14 June 2023, the European Parliament approved its negotiating position on the proposed Artificial Intelligence Act an will negotiate with the EU Council and the European Commission, in the trilogue process. The aim of a trilogue is to reach a provisional agreement on a legislative proposal that is acceptable to both the Parliament and the Council, the co-legislators. The Commission acts as a mediator, facilitating an agreement between the co-legislators. This provisional agreement must then be adopted by each of those institutions’ formal procedures.